(CNN) — Vaccine advisers to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention voted Tuesday to recommend giving Pfizer’s child-sized dose of coronavirus vaccine to children ages 5-11.
Members of CDC’s Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices voted 14-0 to recommend the vaccine for the younger children.
Members of the committee spent an unusually long time speaking in support of the vaccine before they voted. “We have one more vaccine that saves lives of children. And that we should be very confident to deploy it to the maximum to do what it is meant to do without significant concerns of serious adverse effects,” said Dr. Sarah Long, a professor of pediatrics at Drexel University College of Medicine in Philadelphia.
“As you’ve heard, we all have a lot of enthusiasm for this vaccine in this age group,” Dr. Beth Bell, a clinical professor of global health at the University of Washington, said after the vote.
“But we also understand that parents have legitimate concerns and legitimate questions and that our vote is a way of telling the American public that based on our expertise and the information that we have, we’re all very enthusiastic,” Bell added.
“We were all talking about how we’re getting our kids and our grandkids vaccinated. But I think another point that we made to the American public is that we do understand that people have legitimate concerns and that they have lots of questions. We really encourage people to ask their providers, to visit the CDC website, to talk to their friends, their parents and do what they need to do to feel comfortable with their decision,” Bell added.
Now, CDC Director Dr. Rochelle Walensky must sign off on the vote. The CDC has said its analysis shows the benefits of the vaccine outweigh any risks in this age group, and Walensky has signaled she will recommend it.
“We have been asking when we will be able to expand this protection to our younger children,” she said in opening comments to the committee.
The CDC says 745 children and teenagers under 18 have died of Covid-19. “The chance that a child will have severe Covid, require hospitalization or develop a long term complication like MIS-C remains low, but still the risk is too high and too devastating to our children, and far higher than for many other diseases for which we vaccinate children,” Walensky added.
Walensky said it’s also important to continue vaccinating adults.
About 28 million kids would be newly eligible, and for some parents and pediatricians, a decision can’t come soon enough. Children now make up a disproportionate number of new Covid-19 cases, according to a report published Monday by the American Academy of Pediatrics — accounting for a quarter of all the new cases last week.
The US Food and Drug Administration authorized Pfizer’s vaccine for this younger age group on Friday, giving the company the distinction of having the first emergency use authorization for a Covid-19 shot for younger kids in the United States. The FDA said the benefits of the vaccine outweigh the risk to children.
Pfizer says its clinical trial showed the vaccine provides 90.7% protection against symptomatic disease among this age group — at one-third the dose of what people 12 years and older get. The company hopes the smaller dose will reduce any potential side effects.
Data the company presented to the meeting indicated that the younger children who tried out the vaccine were far less likely to suffer systemic side effects such as fever than the older children, teens and young adults were.
Pfizer’s Dr. Alejandra Gurtman told ACIP that fever was far less common among these younger kids than among older people — with 6.5% of younger children experiencing fever in clinical trials of the vaccine, compared to 17.2% of 16-25-year-olds.
Millions of doses of the vaccine are already being shipped from the company’s facilities to distribution centers across the country, ready to go out to pharmacies and pediatricians’ offices.
The American Academy of Pediatrics, which represents pediatricians, welcomed the decision.
“Vaccinating children will protect children’s health and allow them to fully engage in all of the activities that are so important to their health and development. Parents can enjoy greater peace of mind gathering with family members this winter and sending their children to school, sports and other events that were paused during the height of the pandemic,” it said in a statement after the vote.
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